Alzheimer’s disease is evoked when different neurological symptoms (disorders of memory, orientation…) have an impact on daily life. It is their persistence for several months and their association that will alert the person affected, or his entourage. A specialized checkup can confirm the diagnosis.
Symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease
Early symptoms that can evoke Alzheimer’s disease are important in order to quickly set up care to preserve the quality of life of the sick person for as long as possible.
The most common symptom is the impairment of memory. It deals with recent memory. Memory holes appear and re-offend. The old memory is preserved however longer.
These memory problems are durable. They may be isolated at the beginning or associated with various symptoms:
- Unrest in the execution of the gestures of everyday life: no longer know how to prepare a meal, manage his errands, use his phone, fill a cheque…
- A disorientation in time and space: the person gets lost in a place that he knew well and no longer finds himself in the week for example,
- Mood disorders: Anxiety, irritability, agitation;
- Eating disorders
- Sleep anomalies with onset of insomnia.
Memory disorders are not always in the foreground and the person may have other neurological symptoms:
- Aphasia: The person is struggling to find his or her words (forgetting words or words used in the place of another);
- A dysorthography: the writing is disturbed;
- A apraxia: The person has difficulty in making movements and routine gestures of daily life;
- Inability to recognize or identify objects or to understand simple situations
- A loss of initiatives and project development
- Difficulties in making reasoning, structuring an idea and solving a problem.
Disorders caused by Alzheimer’s disease are quickly responsible for “risky” behaviors:
- Forgetting about medications or errors in their taking,
- Domestic incidents: Forgetting to stop the gas, a hob…,
- Disturbances of driving,
- Behavioral and coping disorders in the social environment…
The onset of these early symptoms is often delayed in people with a high level of brain stimulation through intellectual activity and the richness of social ties. The disease would thus be compensated in its early evolution.
These so-called cognitive disorders worsen over time. But the rate of progression of Alzheimer’s disease is not the same in all sick people.
The person affected may be aware of his or her troubles and go to his or her doctor on his or her own initiative or on the advice of a loved one.
The Doctor may also refer to the disease during a consultation for another pathology.
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