How to calm a migraine and when should I see a doctor?

Migraine is a headache or pulsatile headache that occurs through seizures. To treat it, it is necessary to avoid as much as possible the favorable factors. Analgesics or anti-inflammatory drugs can be used.

To reduce migraine-related pain, you can take a few simple steps and get painkillers or anti-inflammatory medications. To avoid recurrences, remove the factors that trigger seizures and promote a healthy lifestyle.

The right gestures in case of migraine

As soon as you feel the symptoms of a migraine episode, you can do some things to alleviate their intensity:

  • Lie down in a quiet and dark room;
  • Put a cold cloth on your forehead;
  • Drink water to avoid dehydration, especially if vomiting occurs.

Migraine treatments to take oneself

In order to relieve the pain of migraine, you can use one of the following two types of medications:

  • Paracetamol: It has no action on the warning signs of the crisis or “aura ” and has a very moderate efficacy on pain;
  • An anti-inflammatory steroidal or “NSAIDs” (Ibuprofen, Ketoprofen).

These medications should not be associated with each other or with aspirin.

For better efficacy, take a medication as soon as possible, ideally from the onset of the migraine crisis.

What medications in a migraine child?

Give your migraine child paracetamol or, in case of contraindication (allergy, severe liver disease, phenylketonuria), ibuprofen (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory or NSAIDs contraindicated before the age of 3 months). The dose must be adapted to its weight:

  • For paracetamol, a maximum of 60 mg per kilo per day, to be spread in four or six catches, or about 15 mg/kg every six hours or 10 mg/kg every four hours;
  • For ibuprofen, a maximum of 20 to 30 mg per kilo per day, to be spread in three or four catches, a maximum of 10 mg/kg every eight hours or 7.5 mg/kg every six hours;
  • You can use (from the age of 6 months), instead of ibuprofen, another non-steroidal anti-inflammatory: the Ketoprofen. The dose must be adjusted to its weight: a maximum of 2 mg per kilo per day to be spread in four catches, a maximum of 0.5 mg per kilo every six hours.

Use only one type of medication to treat pain.
Be vigilant! If your child has chickenpox (or if it is suspected), do not give it ibuprofen or ketoprofen because nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs increase the risk of bacterial infectious complications of chickenpox. Similarly, if your child is dehydrated (severe diarrhea and vomiting) or if a bacterial infection (such as a urinary tract infection) is suspected, NSAIDs may aggravate his or her state of health.

Aspirin should not be given in the child without medical advice, because of the risk of a rare but serious disease, Reye syndrome.

To more easily dose these medications, use their pediatric presentations (sachets, measuring spoons, graduated pipettes, etc.)

The taking of tablets or capsules is strictly contraindicated in children under the age of six, as it exposes the risk of a false road.

Rules to be followed in case of self-medication
If you are undertaking a drug treatment without a medical prescription, apply the following advice:

  • Do not exceed the maximum permitted daily dose;
  • Follow the dosage (quantity and frequency of intake recommended by the leaflet) and the minimum interval to be observed between two outlets. Overdose could have adverse effects on your health (toxicity) and may result in addiction to the product;
  • For the same reasons, unless otherwise advised, avoid associating or alternating analgesics with different compositions;
  • Do not use a medication if you present one of the contraindications specified in the leaflet.

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