Swelled feet: 5 possible causes
When blood and fluids do not circulate well in the body, the feet are the first to show us symptoms. In some cases, it is simply a lack of exercise, pregnancy or an ill-fitting medication. But in other cases, swollen feet can hide serious problems.
The feet do an incredible job of keeping us up all day. The bones, muscles, tendons and ligaments on each foot work with the ankles to support our weight and allow us to walk, run, jump and stand. But all these actions sometimes cause wear and tear. As a result, the feet swell.
Circulation to or from the feet slows and blood begins to build up in the many blood vessels spread along your toes, heels and ankles. The reasons for this symptom are very varied. It can be pressure, inactivity, injury, or whatever. Some are serious and others innocuous.
In any case, take note of the symptoms and talk to your doctor, especially if the swelling lasts several days, if it develops suddenly, if it only affects one foot, if it is accompanied by pain, and if the skin is discolored. Here are some reasons for this.
When we don’t move enough, our feet suffer. Sitting too long can reduce blood flow to this area of the body, causing swelling. On the other hand, staying upright for too long can limit the muscle capacity of the legs and feet, which also slows down blood flow. Try to take regular breaks to change position during the day.
The body produces more fluid than usual during pregnancy. In the third trimester of pregnancy, the weight of the uterus can add extra pressure and cause water retention in the legs and feet. If this part of the body tends to swell, it should return to its usual appearance after childbirth. But if the swelling is very disturbing, massages can relieve you.
A blood clot
One of your feet is swollen, but not the other? You may be suffering from a blood clot. In this case, the swelling may be accompanied by other symptoms such as heat and redness of the affected foot, the Medical Daily website reports. When a clot forms in the veins, it can dislodge and lodge in the lungs or heart. Seek medical attention quickly to find solutions.
Swollen feet or ankles may be part of the side effects of some medications, including nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, oral contraceptives, high blood pressure medications, antidepressants, steroids and treatments for diabetes. A health professional can help you find more suitable alternatives, change the dosage, or prescribe a diuretic.
If some essential organs have difficulty functioning properly, blood and fluids can build up in veins and tissues. In the most severe cases, it can be heart failure, kidney disease or liver disease. In this case, other parts of the body such as the hands and face may also swell. A full medical examination will make an accurate diagnosis.
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