Ovarian cancer remains silent for a long time. The symptoms appear progressively, as the tumor evolves. This explains why the diagnosis is often posed when the disease is already advanced.
The symptoms of ovarian cancer often occur only at an advanced stage.
This may include:
- digestive disorders, such as bloating, nausea, transit disturbances, loss of appetite or stomach pain;
- Gynecologic disorders, such as disruption of menstrual periods, abnormal bleeding or vaginal discharge, tension in the breasts;
- local disturbances related to tumor mass: urinary loss, pelvic pain, increased abdominal volume, feeling of gravity or discomfort at the abdominal level.
None of these symptoms are specific; they may be caused by another disease, benign, of a Gynecologic nature or not. Also, when one or more of these events appear and persist without explanation, it is advisable to consult their doctor. A clinical examination, supplemented by possible biological or imaging examinations, will guide the diagnosis.
The majority of low-advanced ovarian cancers are diagnosed as a result of surgical exploration at the abdomen in response to symptoms or an ultrasound directing to ovarian pathology.
If none of these circumstances are encountered, examinations are undertaken most often when symptoms begin to be significant; in this case, the tumor has generally already reached an advanced stage of evolution.