What is a cardiac arrest? How to recognize it ? What are the causes of cardiac arrest And How to act in case of cardiac arrest ?

What is a cardiac arrest?

The heart, for different reasons, fibril and no longer ensures the ejection of the blood in the body and in the brain.
Often it is a victim known for a heart problem or for cardiovascular risk factors.

How to recognize cardiac arrest?

  •  The victim loses consciousness, falls, and does not react when spoken to or when stimulated.
  • The victim does not breathe or the respiratory movements are ineffective, slow and noisy. We’re talking about “gasps.” In this case, act immediately because it is a cardiac arrest!

The harbingers of cardiac arrest:

  • When the cause is a myocardial infarction, the subject may present, in the preceding days or hours, prolonged chest pain that can extend to the arms, a feeling of oppression, tightening or even crushing.
  • Cardiac arrest may be preceded by palpitations or general discomfort.
  • Cardiac arrest can also occur abruptly without warning signs.
  • In women, the harbingers of infarction are sometimes different: shortness of breath, nausea, stomach pain…

The cause of cardiac arrest

90% of cardiac arrests in adults are due to cardiovascular disease, including myocardial infarction. Most often, it is ventricular fibrillation, which is a heart rate disorder corresponding to rapid, irregular and ineffective contractions of the ventricles of the heart. Myocardial diseases can be complicated by cardiac arrest.

Other non-cardiac causes may be drowning, electrifying, intoxication, hypothermia, overdose, acute respiratory failure, etc.

And how to make reboot the heart?

If no care is performed within minutes of cardiac arrest, chances of survival are almost nil.

Whatever the cause, the actions that save are the same and they must be undertaken urgently.

 

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