More often than not, the dryness of the eyes causes a simple discomfort without gravity. You can stop it and prevent infections with a few simple gestures. In some cases, however, you will need to consult an ophthalmologist.
What to do in the event of a dry eye?
If you have dry eyes, start by avoiding anything that might irritate the eye or accentuate the evaporation of tears:
- Stay away from tobacco smoke and/or quit smoking;
- If possible, avoid air conditioning;
- Moisten the rooms with humidifiers, green plants, and air them daily;
- Protect your eyes from the wind, wearing glasses;
- If you are using a computer, place the top of your screen at your eye level, or a little lower if you are wearing progressive lenses. Take breaks, remove the eyes from the screen, blink the eyes more frequently;
- If you wear contact lenses: follow the advice to maintain them and do not wear them permanently. Prefer the glasses.
To prevent more frequent infections in case of dryness of the eyes (conjunctivitis, infection of the cornea or keratitis, infection of the eyelids or blepharitis), avoid wearing your fingers to the eyes or rubbing your eyelids. If not, wash your hands before touching your eyes.
If you are taking medication, see the side effects reported on the leaflet and then talk about this dry eye problem with your attending physician. Under no circumstances should you stop your treatment without his or her opinion.
Finally, do not hesitate to use “artificial tears” available in pharmacy, to moisten your eyes. Prefer single doses, without preservatives, to reduce the risk of eye infections and irritation. You can use them as often as necessary, one to two times a day or several times per hour. Ask your pharmacist for advice.
If the disorder persists and worsens, make an appointment with an ophthalmologist.
When to consult in case of dryness of the eyes?
If you have dry eyes, consult an ophthalmologist in the following cases:
- Your eyesight has dropped rapidly;
- You present an infection of the eye (conjunctivitis, infection of the cornea or keratitis) or an infection of the eyelid (blepharitis);
- Discomfort persists Despite the steps you have taken;
- You are a carrier of contact lenses and the eye discomfort does not stop quickly. A review is needed to search for corneal lesions caused by your lenses.
You know now how to deal in case of dry eyes and where to go, so share this article with all your friends and thank you for reading!